January 25, 2023

Armed conflicts and attacks

One person is killed and four others are wounded when a 30-year-old Moroccan man wielding a machete breaks into two churches in Algeciras, Andalusia, Spain. (El Mundo)

2022–2023 Democratic Republic of the Congo–Rwanda tensions

A DRC Air Force Sukhoi Su-25 is hit by anti-aircraft fire over the Rwandan border. The Rwandan government says its forces took "defensive measures" against a plane that had "violated its airspace". (BBC News)

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

Islamist insurgency in the Sahel

France agrees to withdraw its 400 special forces personnel from Burkina Faso, following the Saturday mandate from the ruling military junta that they withdraw within a month. (BBC)

Arts and Culture

UNESCO places the ruins of the Kingdom of Saba in modern-day Yemen, the historic center of Odesa, Ukraine, and the Rachid Karameh International Fair in Tripoli, Lebanon on its list of World Heritage Sites in Danger. UNESCO cites ongoing conflicts in the former two and lack of funding due to the Lebanese liquidity crisis for the latter as the reasons for their inclusion. (NPR)

Business and economy

2021–2023 inflation surge

The Bank of Canada raises its benchmark interest rate to 4.5 percent, the highest since the 2007–2008 financial crisis, amid high levels of inflation and vacancies affecting the Canadian economy. (Financial Post)

Disasters and accidents

A Hong Kong-registered ship carrying 22 people capsizes off the waters of Japan. Thirteen crew members are rescued, two of whom later died, and nine are still missing. (Reuters)

International relations

Iran and weapons of mass destruction

Nuclear program of Iran

The International Atomic Energy Agency's Director General Rafael Grossi says Iran has now amassed enough material for "several nuclear weapons", and calls for new diplomatic efforts to prevent Iran developing a nuclear bomb. (CNN)

Iran–European Union relations, Iran–United Kingdom relations

Iran places sanctions on over 30 UK and EU-affiliated individuals in a tit-for-tat response to a new round of sanctions by the European Union over the Mahsa Amini protests. Sanctioned individuals include UK Attorney General Victoria Prentis, UK Army Chief of Staff Sir Patrick Sanders, and three staff members of Charlie Hebdo. (RFEL)

Law and crime

Brokstedt stabbing

Two people are killed and seven others are wounded in a mass stabbing on a passenger train in Brokstedt, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. (ITV)

Human rights in Russia

The Moscow City Court orders the closure of the Moscow Helsinki Group, Russia's oldest human rights organization. (RFEL)

Politics and elections

2023 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election

Cabinet of Borjana Krišto